Journal Search Engine
Search Advanced Search Adode Reader(link)
Download PDF Export Citaion korean bibliography PMC previewer
ISSN : 1226-4822(Print)
ISSN : (Online)
The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea Vol.25 No.4 pp.163-184
DOI : ttp://

A Study of Correlation between Language policy and the Pronunciations of Anlauts /l/ and /n/ in North Korean News

Jung-Sunghee, Shin Ha-young


This research tried to figure out the realization effect of usage of anlauts /l/ and /n/ as nicely shown in North Korean news and to discuss the societal and lingual backgrounds from this investigation. Therefore, the research analyzed the tone of Chosun Central TV news’s announcer shown in TV news program from 2014 to 2017. With this analysis, the research tried to show the reason why there are differences in language policies regarding Korean consonant anlauts /l/ and /n/ between South Korea and North Korea and to discuss the realization effect of anlauts /l/ and /n/ after the implementation of the language policies. In chapter 2, the research considered policies for marking these consonants and gradual change for pronunciation rules and checked the reason why there is a difference In grammatical rules between North Korea and South Korea. According to previous research, exhibiting anlaut /l/ in North Korean pronunciation rules these days is not related to any historical evidence or regional dialect(Pyongyang dialect). In the environment that precedes /i/ and /j/ accepting the /n/ consonant was due to late palatalization relative to other regional dialects and also late elimination of the /n/ and therefore these objects are reflected into standard language policies in North Korea. In chapter 3, the research analyzed the realization effect of anlauts /l/ and /n/ in North Korean News. The percentage of the analut /l/ realizations was the anlaut /l/ was 83.78%, which means most of realizations were done by the anlaut /l/. Anlaut /l/ was followed by /j/, /a/, /o/, /ɛ/ and other vowels, and the percentage of anlaut /l/ used before most of the vowels was similar. For anlaut /n/ the situation that was followed by /j/ showed 21 times of the realization set and 24 times of the non-realization set, which resulted 46.6% and 53.4% respectively and illustrated similar aspects as shown in analut /l/. The realization phenomenon of anlaut /n/ occurred from the Middle Ages, and the research therefore confirmed that North Korea still uses the conservative pronunciation of the language.

북한 뉴스의 어두 /ㄹ/과 /ㄴ/의 발음 실현 양상과 언어 정책과의 상관성 연구

정성희, 신하영*
경북대, 국립한글박물관