Journal Search Engine
Download PDF Export Citation Korean Bibliography PMC Previewer
ISSN : 1226-4822(Print)
ISSN : (Online)
The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea Vol.31 No.2 pp.29-85

Perceptions of “Hwanhyangnyeo,” “Wianbu,” “Yang-gongju” Through Example Sentences in Korean Dictionaries and the Internet Articles

Park Eunha
Instructor, College of Seongsan Liberal Arts, Daegu University


Park, Eunha. (2023). “Perceptions of “Hwanhyangnyeo,” “Wianbu,” “Yang-gongju” Through Example Sentences in Korean Dictionaries and the Internet Articles“. The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea, 31(2), 29-58. This study investigated and analyzed examples of three terms found in dictionary entries and internet articles to examine the perceptions of war and women in Korean society. A preliminary examination of dictionary entries found that one dictionary’s referred to “hwanhyangnyeo” as a stigmatized term, used to expression hatred toward women even after returning home post the war. In the example sentences of “wianbu,” in the dictionaries, the phrase “other expressions” was commonly used, which precisely conveyed or demanded facts. Entries regarding “wianbu, Japan, and the government’s expressions” generally portrayed a negative view of “wianbu” victims and related issues. Further, concerning the example sentences of “yang-gongju,” in dictionaries, the most frequently used entry depicted it as an “expression of other people’s perception of yang-gongju.” Except for other expressions conveying factual information, two negative expression types related to “yang-gongju” were identified. When examining the usage of these expressions in internet articles, entries related to “the government’s response” were found to be the most prevalent. For “hwanhyangnyeo,” articles most frequently focused on “the history of ‘hwanhyangnyeo’.” Regarding articles containing “wianbu,” primary topic of interest was “the expedition of the Girl Statue in German.” Finally, articles concerning “yang-gongju” commonly referred to “the poor life of ‘yang-gongju.’”




  1. Journal Abbreviation : j. Korea Saf. Manag. Sci.
    Frequency : Published three times annually in April, August and December, including an international issue
    Doi Prefix : 10.14353/sjk.
    Year of Launching : 2013
    Publisher :
    The Sociolinguistic Society of Korea
    Indexed/Tracked/Covered By :

  2. Online Submission

  3. The Sociolinguistic
    Society of Korea

  4. Editorial Office
    Contact Information

    - Tel: +82-10-4513-5639
    - E-mail: